Following the Byzantine and Roman standards, the baths were operated with a heated burning system. This system consisted of low, usually underground spaces beneath the floors and was created by raising the floors and resting on brick pillars. These sites allowed the circulation of hot gases originating from burning wood in a specially designed furnace. Then, through pipelines, which were embedded in the walls, the gases reached the atmosphere. The combustion system raised the floor temperature considerably, causing water to evaporate during the bath, creating a steam bath. For this reason, tall wooden clogs were necessary for customers to keep their feet on the hot plates.
During the bath’s operation, the fire in the kiln was always on because not only was it necessary to heat the rooms, the water for the bathers was also heated. It was transported through clay pipes from a copper boiler into the furnace and ended in taps, traces of which can be observed today in the bathrooms. Beneath them were usually troughs.
Category: Archaeological Sites